ADHD Medication Options: Finding the Best Treatment for You

ADHD Medication Options: Finding the Best Treatment for You 1

Understanding ADHD Medications

ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) is a neurodevelopmental disorder often diagnosed amongst children, teenagers and adults. It is characterized by symptoms including difficulty sustaining attention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. While there is no “cure” for ADHD, medication is often prescribed as part of the management plan to control symptoms. ADHD medication works by increasing dopamine and norepinephrine levels in the brain, improving attentiveness and focus. There are two types of ADHD medication: stimulants & non-stimulant drugs.

Stimulant Medications

Stimulant medications are the most commonly prescribed drugs for ADHD. They work quickly and effectively to reduce symptoms. Two types of stimulant medications are often prescribed:

  • Methylphenidates (Ritalin, Concerta, Daytrana, Metadate)Methylphenidates affect norepinephrine and dopamine in the brain. They are often faster acting, can be taken multiple times throughout the day, and have shorter duration times.
  • Amphetamines (Adderall, Vyvanse, Dexedrine)Amphetamines are longer acting than methylphenidates and are often taken once daily. They work by blocking the reuptake of neurotransmitters in the brain, increasing the amount of dopamine and norepinephrine.
  • Stimulant medications have impressive results with more than 75% of people finding symptom relief. However, they can cause some side effects which need to be taken into consideration when prescribing, such as appetite suppression, sleep disturbances, and agitation. Rarely, stimulant medications can cause cardiac events such as tachycardia and hypertension.

    Non-Stimulant Medications

    Non-stimulant ADHD medications can also help manage symptoms. These drugs can affect different brain chemicals compared with stimulants. These are often prescribed when stimulants do not work, are not tolerated or contraindicated.

  • Atomoxetine (Strattera)Atomoxetine works by the increasing levels of norepinephrine in the brain. Unlike stimulants, it is considered a medication with a low potential for abuse. Appetite suppression and sleep disturbances are less likely to occur.
  • Guanfacine (Intuniv)Guanfacine changes the activity of noradrenergic pathways. This medication has a low incidence of side effects, but it can cause somnolence and orthostatic hypotension.
  • Choosing the Right Medication

    The Right medication for ADHD varies depending on age, the severity of symptoms and any comorbid conditions. There are many factors to consider, which makes the process of medication selection, overwhelming. It is essential to work closely with your doctor to determine which medication is the most suitable for your needs. It is preferable to start with low doses and gradually titrate up to find the most optimal dosage. The type of medication, dosage, and frequency, has to be tailored to each person.


    In summary, ADHD medication is a highly effective form of treatment with many options to choose from. It is essential to receive professional advice when seeking medical treatment for ADHD to find a reliable and suitable option for you. The medication used should always be a part of a comprehensive ADHD treatment plan, including behavioral therapy, environmental modification, diet, and exercise. Keep expanding your knowledge of the subject by visiting this external website we’ve handpicked for you. children adhd, learn more and uncover new aspects of the topic discussed.

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